- THE MAKER – Often, bears can be attributed to their maker simply by style or look. Premium and highly sought after bears are by makers such as Steiff, Chiltern, Joy Toys or Ideal.
- FUR OR FABRIC – Mohair was used originally. Felt was used for the pads of the earliest bears. Later, after WW1, cotton was popular (as cotton, brushed or velveteen).
- STUFFING – The earliest bears were stuffed with woodwool (excelsior), made from long, fine wood shavings. This gave the teddy a crunchy feel if squeezed.
- SHAPE – The very earliest bears had a comparatively pointed snout and longer limbs. Early bears were jointed with cardboard or metal discs, attached with metal pins.
- EYES – Originally, from 1902-1915, teddy bear eyes were wooden or leather-covered wooden boot buttons, on wire hooks or shanks. Glass eyes replaced these from WW1.
- NOSE – Generally, noses were originally hand-stiched with black or brown thread. Many makers had their own distinctive shape.